Tuesday, September 29, 2020

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Article Index

ENDNOTES

 

[1] Eric Favereau and Dominique SIMONNOT — 21 juillet 1998, Procès du sang contaminé. Trois ministres responsables. L'arrêt de renvoi précise les faits imputés aux ministres. Fabius est directement mis en cause (Contaminated blood case: Three ministers liable: The order of referral ruling specifies facts implicating government ministers, former Prime Minister Fabius accused), Libération,  July 21, 1998

https://urldefense.com/v3/__https://www.liberation.fr/societe/1998/07/21/proces-du-sang-contamine-trois-ministres-responsables-l-arret-de-renvoi-precise-les-faits-imputes-au_242079__;!!LoBwcKfm!1WAN9WIhWiSbhIdVmdyfSK3fQknSGdRsk03qL2F8qnzF4IaLHt_l2ypdaHjNV31AGak$

[2] Eric Favereau and Dominique SIMONNOT — 21 juillet 1998, Procès du sang contaminé. Trois ministres responsables. L'arrêt de renvoi précise les faits imputés aux ministres. Fabius est directement mis en cause, Libération,  July 21, 1998

https://urldefense.com/v3/__https://www.liberation.fr/societe/1998/07/21/proces-du-sang-contamine-trois-ministres-responsables-l-arret-de-renvoi-precise-les-faits-imputes-au_242079__;!!LoBwcKfm!1WAN9WIhWiSbhIdVmdyfSK3fQknSGdRsk03qL2F8qnzF4IaLHt_l2ypdaHjNV31AGak$

[3]  Article 68-1

Members of the Government shall be criminally liable for acts performed in the holding of their office and classified as serious crimes or other major offences at the time they were committed.

They shall be tried by the Court of Justice of the Republic.

The Court of Justice of the Republic shall be bound by such definition of serious crimes and other major offences and such determination of penalties as are laid down by statute. Constitution of 4 October 1958 available at https://www.conseil-constitutionnel.fr/en/constitution-of-4-october-1958

[4] Arrêt du 9 mars 1999 - Cour de justice de la République - | Cour de cassation

https://urldefense.com/v3/__https://www.courdecassation.fr/autres_juridictions_commissions_juridictionnelles_3/cour_justice_republique_616/decisions_7973/mars_1999_36751.html__;!!LoBwcKfm!2hhH6aX-ffgBx1txuPUnkNVnbuEj0pGiV06-jsEYvMiM8Qh1toPLti_D5hfE2MBTPb0$

[5] Arrêt du 9 mars 1999 - Cour de justice de la République - | Cour de cassation

[6] Arrêt du 9 mars 1999 - Cour de justice de la République - | Cour de cassation

[7] .  Apparently, there is some debate currently in the Supreme Court about addressing aspects of this qualified immunity doctrine. Jay Sweikert, Supreme Court may be preparing to consider several major cases on qualified immunity, Unlawful Shield, A Cato Institute Website Dedicated to Abolishing Qualified Immunity, October 11, 2019 available at  https://www.unlawfulshield.com/2019/10/supreme-court-may-be-preparing-to-consider-several-major-cases-on-qualified-immunity/;  Andrew Chung, Lawrence Hurley, Jackie Botts, Andrea Januta, Guillermo Gomez, Special Report: For cops who kill, special Supreme Court protection, Reuters, May 8, 2020 available at https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-police-immunity-scotus-specialrep-idUSKBN22K18C?taid=5eb548a563ff0700018722c5.

[8] See TESTIMONY OF PROFESSOR DAVID C. VLADECK GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY LAW CENTER BEFORE THE SENATE JUDICIARY COMMITTEE  EXAMINING LIABILITY DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC available at https://www.judiciary.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/Vladeck%20Testimony.pdf

[9] The only true beneficiaries would be the bad actors.  See Vladeck Testimony, Id.

[10] Ohio Senate Bill 308 available at https://urldefense.com/v3/__http://search-prod.lis.state.oh.us/solarapi/v1/general_assembly_133/bills/sb308/IN/00?format=pdf__;!!LoBwcKfm!2sTo-aQngYSi0eju8vAh4-2PB78orw4ZT3un4L9MI5wzWZkcRoMbdr47489cmk75XGg$; This bill appears to be part of a wider effort, See Kery Murakami, Colleges Worry They'll Be Sued if They Reopen Campuses, Inside Higher Ed, May 15, 2020 available at  https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2020/05/15/colleges-seek-protection-lawsuits-if-they-reopen ; INSIGHT: Business Immunity Will Prevent Covid-19 Litigation Crisis, Bloomberg Law, April 30, 2020 available at https://news.bloomberglaw.com/corporate-governance/insight-business-immunity-will-prevent-covid-19-litigation-crisis-7

[11] Article 27, Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, available at https://legal.un.org/ilc/texts/instruments/english/conventions/1_1_1969.pdf;

[12] Marko Milanovic, Is the Rome Statute Binding on Individuals? (And Why We Should Care)

Journal of International Criminal Justice, Volume 9, Issue 1, March 2011, Pages 25–52,available  at https://doi.org/10.1093/jicj/mqq070; Gennady M. Danilenko Wayne State Universtiy School of Law, The Statute of the International Criminal Court and Third States, Michigan Journal of International Law Michigan Journal of International Law Volume 21Issue 3 2000, available at https://repository.law.umich.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1390&context=mjil; Yudan Tan, The Identification of Customary Rules in International Criminal Law, available at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/317996151_The_Identification_of_Customary_Rules_in_International_Criminal_Law

[13] Yudan Tan, The Identification of Customary Rules in International Criminal Law, available at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/317996151_The_Identification_of_Customary_Rules_in_International_Criminal_Law

 


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