Treaties, Statutes and Regulation

General Allotment Act of 1887, 25 U.S.C.A

oAlso known as the Dawes Act, this legislation was proposed by Senator Henry L. Dawes, and was adopted by Congress in 1887, and received authorization of the President resulting in allotting Indian tribal lands to individuals. This Act had a very negative effect on the Native Americans, as it took away communal ownership, and led for the ability of the individual Indians to sell their land, of course to white buyers. The government aimed to help with assimilation of Indians; however the Act resulted in a loss of about 90 million acres of land for the Native Americans, and left 90,000 Native Americans landless. This Act existed for 47 years, until President Roosevelt passed the New Deal and instituted the Indian Reorganization Act, which renewed several Native Americans rights.

Title VI of Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C.A. § 2000d (West)

oThe Civil Rights Act of 1964 was a landmark, as it prohibited discrimination against African Americans and Women, and addressed and ended racial segregation. The purpose of this Act was to restore racial equality, and give more rights and protections to the African Americans. The passage of the Act was a long legislative process the required gaining more and more support over the years. The highlights of the Act were: outlawing discrimination based o race or color in such places as hotels, restaurants, theaters, and any other public accommodation, prohibited local governments from denying access based on those same grounds. It desegregated schools, prevented funding discrimination. The Act was signed by President Johnson and has been in effect ever since. The Act was paramount for racial equality in this country.\


Treaty of Fort Laramie (1868)

oAlso known as the Siox Treaty, this was an agreement between the United States, and the tribes that made up the Sioux Nation. It was executed in 1868, at Fort Laramie, in the Wyoming Territory. This agreement gauranteed the Sioux Nation ownership of the Black Hills. Trouble with the lands began, when gold prospectors began to mine the area. The United States government then seized control of the Black Hills in 1877. This is the agreement and dispute that led to the United States v. Sioux Nation, in which the Sioux received monetary damages, but no their land back. The Sioux Nation to this day, under the terms of this treaty, demand return of their land of the Black Hills from the United States.