Become a Patron! 


Ruth Johnson Hill, Mr. Justice Thurgood Marshall 1908-1993: a Bio-bibliographic Research Guide, 20 Southern University Law Review 113 (Spring, 1993) (11 Footnotes)(Full Document)


IRuth Johnson Hillt was the wish of the late Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall that he be remembered simply as one who “did what he could with what he had.” What he did was to become the most noted civil rights attorney and advocate of the poor and disadvantaged of the 20th century. Justice Marshall believed that the law should be responsive to human needs. What he had was the legal acumen to take what he characterized, in a now famous speech in 1987, as “defective” Constitution and effectively use its provisions to overcome racial and economic injustices.

The legal career of Thurgood Marshall spanned well over fifty years. He held positions as a private practice attorney in Baltimore (1933-35), Assistant Special Counsel of the NAACP (1936-38), Chief Legal Officer of the NAACP (1938-40), Director and counsel of the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund (1940-61), Circuit Court Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (1961-66), Solicitor General of the United States (1965-67), and Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court (1967-91). In each of these positions, Thurgood Marshall pursued his lifelong commitment to equal rights for all individuals. His judicial opinions cover a wide range of legal issues from civil rights, environmental law, rights of native Americans to tax law.

The sum total of the achievements of Thurgood Marshall is that the social fabric of American culture has been altered for the better. His victories will ensure that our remembrance of him will be much more grandiose than he would have wished.

This bio-bibliography has been compiled to assist researchers interested in the life and career of Justice Marshall and the enormous impact his achievements have had on American jurisprudence. The avalanche of articles, tributes and remembrances written about the Justice since his retirement in 1991 and his death in 1993 would make it nearly impossible to provide a complete listing of these works. Therefore, this bibliography does not purport to be comprehensive. The entries listed here include items which highlight Marshall's life and career.

This compilation contains over 350 bibliographic entries covering the years 1944 through March, 1993. The selection criteria used was the accessibility of the materials for the researcher. A wide variety of electronic and online databases as well as standard print sources were used to determine the appropriate avenues for research on Thurgood Marshall.

In compiling this bibliography the research facilities of the following libraries were used: the U.S. Supreme Court Law Library, Law Library of the Library of Congress, the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress, Howard University Law Library and Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Loyola Law School (Los Angeles) Rains Law Library, and the Doheny Library, University of Southern California.


II. Chronology

1908.  Born on July 2 in Baltimore, Maryland to William Canfield Marshall and Norma Williams Marshall

1925.  Graduated from Douglas High School, Baltimore, Maryland.

1929.   Married Vivian Burey on September 5th (Died 1955).

1930.   Graduated cum laude from Lincoln University, Chester, Pennsylvania.

1933.   Graduated number one in class, magna cum laude, from Howard University Law School, Washington, D.C.

1933.    opened private practice in Baltimore.

1935.    Assisted with the successful arguments of Pearson v. Murray, 169 Md. 478, 182 A. 590 (integration of University of Maryland Law School).

1936.    Joined the national legal staff of the NAACP as Assistant Special Counsel.

1938.    Became Chief Legal Officer of the NAACP. Prepared the brief in Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada, 305 U.S. 337 (desegration of the University of Missouri Law School).

1939.    Admitted to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court.

1940.     Became Director and Counsel of the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund.

1944.     Argued Smith v. Allwright, 321 U.S. 649 (Texas white primaries which excluded blacks declared unconstitutional).

1946.     Argued Morgan v. Virginia, 328 U.S. 373 (invalidated segregated interstate bus travel).

              Received NAACP Spingarn Award.

1948.    Argued Shelly v. Kraemer, 334 U.S. 1 (struck down state court enforcement of racially motivated real estate covenants).

1950.    Argued Sweatt v. Painter, 339 U.S. 629 and McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents, 339 U.S. 637 (racial integregation of Southern state universities).

1951.    Sent to Far East by President Truman to review treatment of black soldiers under General Douglas MacArthur.

1954.    Argued the case of Brown v. Board of Education, 357 U.S. 483 (overturned the ‘separate but equal‘ doctrine established in Plessy v. Ferguson).

1955.    Argued Lucy v. Adams, 350 U.S. 1 (first black student admitted to the University of Alabama).

1955.    Married Cecelia Suyat on December 17th. (Two sons).

1958.    Argued Cooper v. Aaron, 358 U.S. 1 (required immediate desegregation of public schools in Little Rock, Arkansas).

1960.    Took leave of absence from NAACP duties to attend Kenya Constitutional Conference in London and to help Kenya write its new constitution.

1961.     Argued Garner v. Louisiana, 368 U.S. 157 (defended constitutional rights of sit-in protestors). Selected by President John F. Kennedy to head the U.S. Delegation at the independence ceremonies of Sierra Leone, West Africa. Nominated to United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit by President John F. Kennedy.

1965.    Appointed Solicitor General of the United States by President Lyndon B. Johnson.

1966.    Successfully argued for the constitutionality of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 in South Carolina v. Katzenbach, 383 U.S. 301.

1967.    Nominated Associate Justice of United Supreme Court by President Lyndon B. Johnson.

1991.    Announced retirement from the Supreme Court June 27th.

1993.    Died January 24th in Bethesda, Md.; buried in Arlington National Cemetery.


III. Monographs and Books

A. Books

Aldred, Lisa, Thurgood Marshall, New York: Chelsea House, 1990.

Baines, Rae, Thurgood Marshall: Fight for Justice, Mahwah, N.J.: Troll Associates, 1993.

Bland, Randall W., Private Pressure on Public Law: The Legal Career of Justice Thurgood Marshall, 1934-1991, Rev. ed. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1993.

Cavan, Semus, Thurgood Marshall and Equal Rights, Brookfield, Conn.: Millbrook Press, 1993.

Davis, Michael D. and Hunter R. Clark, Thurgood Marshall: Warrior at the Bar, Rebel on the Bench, New York: Carol Pub. Group, 1992.

Fenderson, Lewis H., Thurgood Marshall: Fighter for Justice. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1969.

Goldman, Roger and David Gallen, Thurgood Marshall: Justice for All. New York: Carroll & Graf, 1992.

Greene, Carol, Thurgood Marshall: First African-American Supreme Court Justice, Chicago: Childrens Press, 1991.

Haskins, James, Thurgood Marshall: A Life for Justice. New York: Holt & Co., 1992.

Hess, Debra, Thurgood Marshall: The Fight for Equal Justice, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Silver Burdett Press, 1990.

Prentzes, G. S., Thurgood Marshall, New York: Chelsea Juniors, 1993.

Rowan, Carl T., Dream Makers, Dream Breakers: The World of Justice Thurgood Marshall, Boston: Little, Brown, 1993.

Tushnet, Mark V., Making Civil Rights Law: Thurgood Marshall and the Supreme Court, 1936-1961, New York: Oxford University Press [Forthcoming December, 1993].

Williams, Juan, Thurgood Marshall, New York: Random [Forthcoming].

Young, Margaret, The Picture Life of Thurgood Marshall. New York: Watts 1971.

B. Partials of Books

Abraham, Henry J., Justices and Presidents: A Political History of Appointments to the Supreme Court. 3d ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Baum, Lawrence, The Supreme Court. 2d ed. Washington D.C.: CQ Press, 1985.

The Burger Court: The Counter-Revolution That Wasn't. Edited by Vincent Blasi. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983.

Daniels, William J., “Justice Thurgood Marshall: The Race for Equal Justice,” in The Burger Court: Political and Judicial Profiles (Charles M. Lamb and Stephen C. Halpern, eds. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1991).

D'Emilio, John, The Civil Rights Struggle: Leaders in Profile. New York: Facts on File, 1979. Thurgood Marshall: 100-104.

Fullen, M. K., Pathblazers: Eight People Who Made A Difference. Seattle, Wash.: Open Hand Publishers, 1992.

Gaulb, Arthur L., The Burger Court, 1968-1984. New York: Associated Faculty Press, Inc., 1986.

Jackson, Percival E., Dissent in the Supreme Court: A Chronology. Norman, Ok.: University of Oklahoma Press, 1969.

Kluger, Richard, Simple Justice: The History of Brown v. Board of Education and Black America's Struggle for Equality. New York: Knopf, 1976.

Kohlmeier, Louis M., Jr., “God Save This Honorable Court!”. New York: Scribner's, 1972.

MacKenzie, John P., “Thurgood Marshall,” in The Justices of the United States Supreme Court 1789-1978: Their Lives and Major Opinions. (Friedman, Leon, comp., New York: Chelsea House 1978).

McNeil, Genna Rae, Groundwork: Charles Hamilton Houston and the Struggle for Civil Rights. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1983.

O'Brien, David M., Storm Center: The Supreme Court in American Politics. 2d ed. New York: Norton, 1990.

Redding, Jay Saunders, The Lonesome Road: The Story of the Negro's Part in America. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1958.

Rosen, Paul L., The Supreme Court and Social Science. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1972.

Speer, Hugh W., “Thurgood Marshall and His Friends: Perspectives and Personalities” in The Case of the Century: A Historical and Social Perspective on Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, with Present and Future Implications. Kansas City: University of Missouri-Kansas City, 1968.

“Thurgood Marshall,” in Encyclopedia of the American Constitution (Leonard W. Levy, ed., New York: MacMillan 1986 & 1992).

Tushnet, Mark V., The NAACP's Legal Strategy Against Segregated Education, 1925-1950. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1987.

Ware, Gilbert, William Hastie: Grace Under Pressure. New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.


IV. Dissertations

Bland, Randall Walton, An Examination of the Legal Career of Thurgood Marshall Prior to His Elevation to the Supreme Court of the United States, 1934-1967. Ph.D. Disseration, University of Notre Dame, 1971.

Hines, Erma Waddy, Thurgood Marshall's Speeches on Equality and Justice Under the Law 1965-1967. Ph.D. Dissertation, Louisiana State University, 1979.

Martin, Joseph E., Jr., The Social and Educational Implications of the Murray Case the Fourteenth Amendment. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh, 1989.

Perry, Barbara Ann, A “Representative” Supreme Court?: Religion, Race, and Gender in Appointments. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Virginia, 1986.

White, Vibert Leslie, Developing A “School” of Civil Rights Lawyers: From the New Deal to the New Frontier. Ph.D. Dissertation, Ohio State University, 1988.

Williams, Jamye Coleman, A Rhetorical Analysis of Thurgood Marshall's Arguments Before the Supreme Court in the Public School Segregation Controversy. Ph.D. Dissertation, Ohio State University, 1959.


V. Articles Written by Justice Marshall

The Bar Must Pay for Public-Interest Law, 1 Bar Leader 2 (Nov. 1975).

Celebrating the Constitution: A Dissent, Harper's, July 1987, at 17.

The Constitution, Essence, Sept. 1987, at 166.

‘Defective From the Start’, Legal Times, May 11, 1987, at 15.

The Courts. In The Maze of Modern Government. Santa Barbara, Ca.: Center for Study of Democratic Institutions, 1964.

Dispatch the System, Not the Man, Harper's, Jan. 1991, at 28.

Dissent in the Bakke Case, 18 Freedomways 127 (1978).

Equal Justice Under the Law, 46 Crisis 199 (July 1939).

An Evaluation of Recent Efforts to Achieve Racial Integration in Education Through Resort to the Courts, 21 J. Negro Educ. 316 (1952).

The Evolving Constitution, 11 Update on Law-Related Educ. 2 (Fall 1987).

Foreword. In Emancipation: The Making of the Black Lawyer, 1844-1944. (Forthcoming June 1993).

A Giant Step Backward: Dissent in the Greater Detroit Busing Case, Ebony, Oct. 1974, at 162.

The High Cost of Discrimination, Pocket Book Mag., Oct. 26, 1955.

Interpretation of Supreme Court Decision and the NAACP Program (with Roy Wilkins), 86 Crisis 205 (1979).

Introductory Remarks: Celebrating the Second Circuit Centennial, 65 St. John's L. Rev . 645 (1991).

Justice Thurgood Marshall's Opinion in the Bakke Case, 86 Crisis 45 (1979).

Marshall Slams Death-Penalty ‘Fallacy’, Legal Times, Oct. 29, 1990, at 16.

The Meaning and Significance of the Supreme Court Decree on Implementation, 24 J. Negro Educ. 397 (Summer 1955).

Mr. Justice Murphy and Civil Rights, 48 Mich. L. Rev 745 (1950), reprinted in 9 Nat'l B.J. 1 (Mar. 1951).

Negro Discrimination and the Need for Federal Action (with William Hastie) 2 Law Guild Rev. 21 (Nov. 1942).

The Promising Evolution of A Defective Constitution, 360 Civ. Liberties 9 (Spring 1987).

Race and the Constitution, 18 Soc. Pol'y 29 (Summer 1987).

The Real Meaning of the Constitution Bicentennial, Ebony, Sept. 1987, at 62.

The Rise and Collapse of ‘White Democratic Primary’, 26 J. Negro Educ. 249 (Summer 1957).

Search and Seizure: A New Horizon (Dissent by Mr. Justice Marshall in United States v. Robinson), 3 Contemporary Drug Probs. 21 (Spring 1974).

Justice-The Negro GI in Korea, 58 Crisis 297 (May 1951).

The Supreme Court and Civil Rights: Has the Tide Turned?, USA Today (periodical), Mar. 1990, at 19.

The Supreme Court as Protector of Civil Rights: Equal Protection of the Laws, 275 Annals Am. Acad. Pol. & Soc. Sci. 101 (May 1951).

The Sword and the Robe, 3 Am. Lawyer 37 (Aug. 1981).

Those the Constitution Left Out, 26 Judges J. 18 (Summer 1987).

Tribute to Charles Hamilton Houston, Amherst Mag., Spring 1978, at 14 reprinted in 86 CRISIS 276 (1979).

A Tribute to Justice William J. Brennan, Jr., 104 Harv. L. Rev. 1 (Nov. 1990).

The View From Inside, 22 Bill Rts. J. 1 (Dec. 1989).


VI. Speeches Given by Justice Marshall

Address, Annual Judicial Conference of the Second Circuit (Sept. 1988), reprinted in 125 F.R.D. 197 (1989).

Address, Annual Judicial Conference of the Second Circuit (Sept. 1989), reprinted in 130 F.R.D. 161 (1990).

Address, Annual Judicial Conference of Second Circuit (Sept. 1990), reprinted in 136 F.R.D. 233 (1991).

Address by Justice Thurgood Marshall Delivered Upon the Occasion of the Dedication of the Thurgood Marshall School of Law, Texas Southern University, Houston, TX, Feb. 14, 1976, reprinted in 4 T. Marshall L. Rev. 191 (1977).

Address, Financing Public Interest Law: The Role of the Organized Bar, Delivered at Award of Merit Luncheon of the Bar Activities Section, American Bar Association, Montreal, Canada, Aug. 10, 1975. Reprinted in 61 A.B.A. J. 1487 (1975).

Address, Law and the Quest for Equality, Delivered at the 19th Annual Tyrrell Williams Memorial Lectureship, School of Law, Washington University, St. Louis, MO, Mar. 8, 1967. Reprinted in 1967 Wash. U.L. Q. 1.

Address at the Eighth Conference on the Law of the World, World Peace Through Law Center, Manila, Philippines, Aug. 23, 1977 [on file at the U.S. Supreme Court Law Library].

Centennial Address Delivered at Dillard University, New Orleans, La., May 4, 1969, reported in U.S. News & World Rept., May 19, 1969, at 92.

Commencement Address, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va., May 21, 1978 [On file at the U.S. Supreme Court Law Library].

Remarks of the Honorable Thurgood Marshall Upon the Occasion of His Acceptance of Honorary Membership in the Association of the Bar of the City of New York (Nov. 20, 1973), reprinted in 29 The Rec. 15 (1974).

Remarks of the Honorable Thurgood Marshall Upon the Occasion of His Acceptance of the Learned Hand Medal, Annual Law Day Dinner of the Federal Bar Council, New York, NY, May 1, 1975 [On file at the U.S. Supreme Court Law Library].

Remarks on Affirmative Action at the Judicial Conference of the Second Circuit (Sept. 1986), reprinted in 115 F.R.D. 35 (1987).

Remarks on the Death Penalty Made at the Annual Dinner in Honor of the Judiciary, American Bar Association, Chicago, Ill., Aug. 6, 1990 [On file at the U.S. Supreme Court Law Library].

Remarks on the Death Penalty Made at the Judicial Conference of the Second Circuit (Sept. 1985), reprinted in 86 Colum. L. Rev. 1 (1986) and in 109 F.R.D. 443 (1986).

Remarks on the Salerno Case, Annual Judicial Conference of the Second Circuit, (Oct. 1987), reprinted in 120 F.R.D. 203 (1988).

Remarks, The Centennial Celebration of the Evarts Act and the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, Reprinted in 46 The Rec. 483 (1991).

Remarks to the New York State Bar Association Upon the Occasion of the Acceptance of the Gold Medal Award for Distinguished Service in the Law, New York, NY, Jan. 30, 1976 [On file at the U.S. Supreme Court Law Library].

Remarks to the Second Circuit Judicial Conference (Sept. 1978), reprinted in 82 F.R.D. 222 (1979).

Remarks to the Second Circuit Judicial Conference (May 1979) [On file at the U.S. Supreme Court Law Library].

Remarks to the Second Circuit Judicial Conference (May 1980) [On file at the U.S. Supreme Court Law Library].

Remarks to the Second Circuit Judicial Conference (Sept. 1981), reprinted in 93 F.R.D. 675 (1982).

Remarks to the Second Circuit Judicial Conference (Sept. 1982), reprinted in 97 F.R.D. 546 (1983) and reprinted as Supreme Court Summary Dispositions: Either Change the Rules or Stop Giving Short Shift to Important Issues, 19 Willamette L. Rev. 313 (1983).

Remarks to the Second Circuit Judicial Conference (Sept. 1983), reprinted in 101 F.R.D. 163 (1984).

Remarks to the Second Circuit Judicial Conference (Sept. 1984), reprinted in 106 F.R.D. 118 (1985).

Remarks to the Spring Meeting of the American College of Trial Lawyers, Coronado, Ca., Mar. 14, 1977 [On file at the U.S. Supreme Court Law Library].

Speech by the Honorable Thurgood Marshall Delivered Upon the Occasion of the Investiture of Dean Wiley Branton and the Dedication of the James Cobb Moot Court Room, Howard University-School of Law, Washington, D.C., Nov. 18, 1978. Reprinted inThe Barrister, Jan. 15, 1979, at 7.

Speech, The Continuing Challenge of the Fourteenth Amendment, reprinted in 3 Ga. L. Rev. 1 (Fall 1968) and in 1968 Wis. L. Rev. 979.

Speech, Delivered at the Annual Seminar of the San Francisco Patent and Trademark Law Association in Maui, Hawaii on May 6, 1987, reprinted as Reflections on the Bicentennial of the United States Constitution, 101 Harv. L Rev. 1 (1987), as The Constitution: A Living Document, 30 How. L.J. 915 (1987) as Commentary: Reflections on the Bicentennial of the United States Constitution, 26 Val. U.L. Rev. 21 (1991), and as The Constitution's Bicentennial: Commemorating the Wrong Document?, 40 Vand. L. Rev . 1337 (1987).

Speech, Group Action in the Pursuit of Justice, Delivered at the James Madison Lectures, New York University, Apr. 17, 1969, reprinted in 44 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 661(1969) and in The Evolving Constitution 97-106 (1987).

Speech, The Legal Attack to Secure Civil Rights, Delivered at the NAACP Wartime Conference, July 13, 1944. Reprinted in Speeches by Black Americans (1971).


VII. Symposia, Special Issues and Tributes

Dedicated to Mr. Justice Thurgood Marshall of the United States Supreme Court, 6 Black L. J. (1978).

Dedication and Tributes [to the Honorable Thurgood Marshall], 1983 Ann. Surv. Am . L. (1984).

Dedication to Justice Thurgood Marshall, 13 Harv. C.R.-C.L. L. Rev. 231 (1978).

Thurgood Marshall Symposium, 40 Ark. L. Rev. 4 (1987).

Orison S. Marden Memorial Lecture in Honor of Justice Thurgood Marshall, 47 Record 229 (1992).

Special Issue: Dedicated to the Honorable Thurgood Marshall, 4 T. Marshall L. Rev . 175 (1977).

Special Issue: A Tribute to Justice Thurgood Marshall, 44 Stan. L. Rev. 1213 (1992).

Symposium, Brown V. Board of Education and Its Legacy: A Tribute To Justice Thurgood Marshall, 61 Fordham L. Rev. 1 (1992).

Symposium: Honoring Justice Thurgood Marshall, 80 Geo. L. J. 2109 (Aug. 1992).

Thurgood Marshall Commemorative Issue: A Tribute From Friends and Colleagues, 35 How. L. J. 1 (Fall 1991).

A Tribute to Justice Thurgood Marshall, 6 Harv. Blackletter J. 1 (Spring 1989).

A Tribute to Justice Thurgood Marshall, 105 Harv. L. Rev. 23 (1991).

Tributes in Honor of Justice Thurgood Marshall, 26 Val. U. L. Rev. (Fall 1991)

Tributes [to the Honorable Thurgood Marshall], 40 Md. L. Rev. 389 (1981).

Tributes [to Justice Thurgood Marshall], 101 Yale L. J. (1991).


VIII. Law Review and Legal Periodical Issues

Alexander, Janet Cooper, TM, 44 Stan. L. Rev. 1231 (1992).

Archer, Dennis W., Sr., and Joseph C. Marshall, A Hero in More Ways Than One; A Tribute to Thurgood Marshall, A.B.A. J., June 1992, at 118.

Austin, Regina, “Write On, Brother” and the Revolution Next Time: Justice Marshall's Challenge to Black Scholars, 6 Harv. Blackletter J. 79 (1989).

Barker, Lucius J., Thurgood Marshall, The Law, and the System: Tenets of An Enduring Legacy, 44 Stan. L. Rev. 1237 (1992).

Barrett, David A., et al., The Judge, 6 Black L. J. 145 (1978).

Bastress, Robert M., and Franklin D. Cleckley, Tribute to a Champion: Thurgood Marshall, 94 W. Va. L. Rev. (1991).

Bazelon, David L., Humanizing the Criminal Process: Some Decisions of Mr. Justice Marshall, 6 Black L. J. 3 (1978).

Bell, Derrick A., An Epistolary Exploration for A Thurgood Marshall Biography, [6 Harv. Blackletter J. 51] (1989).

Bell, Richard, Comment, Thurgood Marshall, The NAACP and the Demise of the “Separate But Equal Theory”, 4 T. Marshall L. Rev. 289 (1977).

Belton, Robert, Justice Thurgood Marshall and the Sociology of Affirmative Action, 6 Harv. Blackletter J. 102 (1989).

Bland, Randall Walton, Justice Thurgood Marshall: An Analysis of His First Years on the Court, 1967-1971, 4 N.C. Cent. L. J. 183 (1973).

Bloch, Susan Low, Foreword, Thurgood Marshall: Courageous Advocate, Compassionate Judge, 80 GEO. L. J. 2003 (1992).

Bohm, R. M., et al., Knowledge and Death Penalty Opinion: A Test of the Marshall Hypotheses, 28 J. Res. Crime Delinq. 360 (1991).

Bolick, Clint and Nancie George, Abandoning Government by Constitution: The Legacy of William Brennan and Thurgood Marshall, 2 Cogitations L. & Gov't. 1 (1984).

Branton, Wiley A., Personal Memories of Thurgood Marshall, 40 Ark. L. Rev. 665 (1987).

__________, A Tribute to Justice Thurgood Marshall, 1983 Ann. Surv. Am. L. xvii (1984).

Brennan, William J., Jr., Justice Thurgood Marshall: Advocate for Human Need in American Jurisprudence, 40 Md. L. Rev. 390 (1981).

__________, Justice Thurgood Marshall: Defender of Libertarian Dignity Protected Through Law, 6 The Reporter 8 (1984).

__________, A Tribute to Justice Thurgood Marshall, 105 Harv. L. Rev. 23 (1991).

__________, Tribute to Justice Thurgood Marshall, 40 Ark. L. Rev. 661 (1987).

Brown, Ronald H., Keeping the Marshall Legacy Alive, 35 How. L. J. 53 (1991).

Burger, Warren E., Introduction: Mr. Justice Thurgood Marshall, 6 Black L. J. 1 (1978).

__________, Mr. Justice Marshall, 13 Harv. C.R.-C.L.L. Rev. 232 (1978).

__________, Tribute to the Honorable Thurgood Marshall, 44 Stan. L. Rev. 1227 (1992).

Burns, Cynthia, The Fading of the Brown Objective: A Historical Perspective of the Marshall Legacy in Education, 35 How. L. J. 95 (Fall 1991).

Carter, Robert L., Justice Marshall: Some Private Reflections, 6 Black L. J. 12 (1978).

__________, A Tribute to Justice Thurgood Marshall, 105 Harv. L. Rev . 33 (1991).

Carter, Stephen L., The Confirmation Mess, Revisited, 84 Nw. U. L. Rev. 962 (1990).

__________, Living Without the Judge, 101 Yale L. J. 1 (1991).

__________, Thurgood Marshall, 26 Val. U. L. Rev. xxxv (1991).

Chambers, Julius L., Thurgood Marshall's Legacy, 44 Stan. L. Rev. 1249 (1992).

Chambers, Marcia, Marshall's Speeches Part of His Legacy, Nat'l L. J., Sept. 16, 1991, at 13.

Cohen, Stephen B., Thurgood Marshall: Tax Lawyer, 80 Geo. L. J. 2011 (1992)

Coleman, William T., Jr., Mr. Justice Thurgood Marshall: A Substantial Architect of the United States Constitution for Our Times, 101 Yale L. J. 7 (1991).

__________, A Tribute to Justice Thurgood Marshall, 105 Harv. L. Rev. 42 (1991).

Cooper, Charles J., A Note on Justice Marshall and Stare Decisis, 1992 Pub. Int. L. Rev. 95.

Dadisman, M., Thurgood Marshall: A Tribute, 18 Hum. Rights 29 (Summer 1991).

D'Alemberte, Talbot, A Justice for All-Reflecting on Thurgood Marshall Contribution to America, A.B.A. J., June 1992, at 8.

Daniels, William J., Non Occides: Thurgood Marshall and the Death Penalty, 4 T. Marshall L. Rev. 243 (1977).

__________, Thurgood Marshall and the Administration of Criminal Justice: An Analysis of Dissenting Opinions, 6 Black L. J. 43 (1980).

Darbyshire, Glen M., Clerking for Justice Marshall, A.B.A. J., Sept. 1991, at 48.

Davenport, Ronald R., The Second Justice Marshall, 7 Duq. L. Rev. 44 (1968).

Dedication to Justice Thurgood Marshall, 1983 Ann. Surv. Am. L. vii (1984).

Diamond, Raymond T., No Call to Glory: Thurgood Marshall's Thesis On the Intent of a Pro-Slavery Constitution, 42 Vand. L. Rev. 93 (1989).

Douglass, Lewis L., In Tribute to Justice Thurgood Marshall, N.Y.U. L. J., Jan. 29, 1993, at 2.

Drinkard, Jim, Thurgood Marshall: Lifetime Civil Rights Champion, Daily L. Bull., Jan. 25, 1993, at 1.

Dripps, Donald A., Thurgood Marshall for Petitioners, 27 Trial 23 (Sept. 1991).

Fisher, William W., III, The Jurisprudence of Justice Marshall, 6 Harv. Blackletter J. 131 (1989).

Fiss, Owen, Freedom and Feminism, 80 Geo. L. J. 2041(1992).

__________, A Tribute to Justice Thurgood Marshall, 105 Harv. L. Rev. 49 (1991).

__________, A Vision of the Constitution, 13 Harv. C.R.-C.L. L. Rev. 243 (1978); 40 Md. L. Rev. 401 (1981).

Foreword: A Tribute to Justice Thurgood Marshall, 6 Harv. Blackletter J. 1 (1989).

Futrell, J. William, Thurgood Marshall, Environmental Lawyer 8 Envtl. F. 40 (Sept.-Oct. 1991).

Galie, Peter J., and Lawrence P. Galie, State Constitutional Guarantees and Supreme Court Reuiew: Justice Marshall's Proposal in Oregon v. Hass, 82 Dick. L. Rev. 273 (1978).

Gewirtz, Paul, Thurgood Marshall, 101 Yale L. J. 13 (1991).

Gibson, Eddie, Comment, Thurgood Marshall, The NAACP and the Gradual Erosion of the “Separate But Equal” Theory in Education, 4 T. Marshall L. Rev. 271 (1977).

Goldberg, Stephanie B., The Long-Distance Runner; A Roundtable on America's First Black Justice, A.B.A. J., June 1992, at 70.

Gormley, Ken, A Mentor's Legacy: Charles Hamilton Houston, Thurgood Marshall and the Civil Rights Movement, A.B.A. J., June 1992, at 62.

Green, Bruce, “Power, Not Reason” Justice Marshall's Valedictory and the Fourth Amendment in the Supreme Court's 1990 Term, 70 N.C. L. Rev. 373 (1992).

Greene, Linda S., The Confirmation of Thurgood Marshall to the United States Supreme Court, 6 Harv. Blackletter J. 27 (1989).

Hanna, Tassie and Robert Laurence, Justice Thurgood Marshall and the Problem of Indian Treaty Abrogation, 40 Ark. L. Rev. 797 (1987).

Harper, Conrad, The Overthrow of Monroe v. Pape: A Chapter in the Legacy of Thurgood Marshall, 61 Fordham L. Rev. 39 (1992).

Hayes, William K., Thurgood Marshall: Rampart Against Racism, 2 Black L. J. 240 (1972).

Hazard, Geoffrey C., Jr., Justice Marshall in the Medium of Civil Procedure: Portrait of a Master, 80 Geo. L. J. 2063 (1992).

Hengstler, Gary A., Justice Thurgood Marshall: Looking Back-Reflections on A Life Well-Spent, A.B.A. J., June 1992, at 57.

__________, Marshalling His Views: Justice's Controversial Comments Break 20-Year Silence. A.B.A. J., Mar. 1, 1988, at 34.

Higginbotham, A. Leon, Jr., A Tribute to Justice Thurgood Marshall, 105 Harv. L. Rev. 55 (1991).

Hill, Oliver W., A Classmate's Recollections of Thurgood Marshall in the Earlier Years, 35 How. L. J. 49 (Fall 1991).

Hocker, William C., The Honorable Thurgood Marshall: The Road to Justice, 5 Nat'l Bar Assoc. Mag. 20 (1991).

Hollingsworth, P. A., Tribute to Justice Thurgood Marshall, 40 Ark. L. Rev .671 (1987).

Hooks, Benjamin L., The Disintegration of the Marshall Legacy, 35 How. L. J. 1 (Fall 1991).

Hoptman, Virginia W., Principled Justice: A Personal Reflection on Justice Marshall, 27 Harv. C.R.-C.L. L. REV. 1 (1992).

Jackson, Jesse L., Justice Thurgood Marshall: The Struggle Personified, 35 How. L. J. 73 (Fall 1991).

Kaplan, Benjamin, On Justice Marshall, 30 Harv. L. Sch. Bull. 12 (1979).

Karst, Kenneth L., Justice Marshall and the First Amendment, 6 Black L. J. 26 (1978).

Kaufman, Irving R., Thurgood Marshall: A Tribute From a Former Colleague, 6 Black L. J. 23 (1978).

Kennedy, Anthony M., The Voice of Thurgood Marshall, 44 Stan. L. Rev. 1221 (1992).

Kennedy, Randall, Doing What You Can With What You Have: The Greatness of Justice Marshall, 80 Geo. L. J. 2081 (1992); 47 Record 233 (1992).

__________, and Martha Minow, Thurgood Marshall and Procedural Law: Lawyer's Lawyer, Judge's Judge, 6 Harv. Blackletter J. 95 (1989).

Kenyatta, Muhammad I., Equality's Advocate: Professor Kenyatta on Thurgood Marshall, U. Buff. L. F., Fall 1991, at 12.

Kornstein, Daniel J., Thurgood Marshall: A Warrior for Civil Rights, N.Y.U. L. J., July 25, 1985, AT 2.

Kramer, Victor H., The Road to City of Berkeley: The Antitrust Position of Justice Thurgood Marshall, 32 Antitrust Bull. 335 (1987).

Laurence, Robert, Thurgood Marshall's Indian Law Opinions, 27 How. L. J. 3 (1984).

Levy, Martin L., The Supreme Court in Retreat: Wealth Discrimination and Mr. Justice Marshall, 4 T. Marshall L. Rev. 209 (1977).

Luney, Percy R., Jr., Thurgood Marshall as Solicitor General: An Opportunity to Fulfill a Dream, 6 Harv. Blackletter J. 18 (1989)

Lunsman, Lisa A., Justice Thurgood Marshall: A Retrospective, 23 U. West L.A. L. Rev . lxiv (1992).

Maclin, Tracey, Justice Thurgood Marshall: Taking the Fourth Amendment Seriously, 77 Cornell L. Rev. 723 (1992).

McLaughlin, Gerald T., Thoughts on Justice Marshall, N.Y.U. L. J., Feb. 1, 1993, at 2.

McMillian, Theodore, Reflections Upon the Retirement of Justice Marshall, 35 How. L. J. 3 (Fall 1991).

Marcus, Maria, Learning Together: Justice Marshall's Desegregation Opinions, 61 Fordham L. Rev. 69 (1992).

Mauro, Tony, Marshall Is Missing-And Will Be Missed, Legal Times, Oct. 14, 1991, at 6.

__________, Thankfully, Marshall's Stories Can Be Told, Legal Times, Feb. 1, 1993, at 8.

Minow, Martha, A Tribute to Justice Thurgood Marshall, 105 Harv. L. Rev. 66 (1991).

__________, Choices and Constraints: For Justice Marshall, 80 Geo. L. J. 2093 (1992).

Moore, Luke C. and Thelma Wyatt Cummings, Justice Thurgood Marshall and His Legacy: A Living Legend's Unceasing Commitment to Justice and Equality, 35 How. L. J. 37 (Fall 1991).

Moran, Terence, Let Us Now Praise Thurgood Marshall.... Nat'l L. J., Aug. 29, 1991, at 67.

Montemayor, Charles, Comment, Justice Marshall's Liberal Interpretation of the Constitution, 4 T. Marshall L. Rev. 297 (1977).

Motley, Constance Baker, The Historical Setting of Brown and Its Impact on the Supreme Court's Decision, 61 Fordham L. Rev. 9 (1992).

__________, I Remember the Tumultuous Years and Thurgood Marshall, 13 Harv.. C.R.-C.L. L. Rev. 237 (1978).

__________, My Personal Debt to Thurgood Marshall, 101 Yale L. J. 19 (1991).

__________, Standing on His Shoulders: Thurgood Marshall's Early Career, 6 Harv. Blackletter J. 9 (1989) and reprinted in 35 How. L. J. 23 (Fall 1991).

__________, Thurgood Marshall: A Personal Tribute, 26 Val. U. L. Rev. xxvii (1991).

__________, A Tribute to Thurgood Marshall, 1983 Ann Surv. Am. L. xx (1984).

O'Connor, Sandra Day, Thurgood Marshall: The Influence of a Raconteur, 44 Stan. L. Rev. 1217 (1992).

__________, Thurgood Marshall's Legacy: His Stories Changed the Way His Colleagues Saw the World, L.A. Daily J., Feb. 3, 1993, at 6.

Ogletree, Charles J., Justice Thurgood Marshall's Criminal Justice Jurisprudence: “The Right Thing to Do, the Right Time to Do It, the Right Man and the Right Place, 6 Harv. Blackletter J. 111 (1989).

Pollak, Louis H., Mr. Justice Marshall, 13 Harv. C.R.-C.L. L. Rev. 241 (1978).

__________, Thurgood Marshall: Lawyer and Justice, 40 Md. L. Rev. 405 (1981).

__________, Will Marshall's Younger Son, 1983 Ann. Surv. Am. L. xxiii (1984).

Powell, Lewis F., Jr., Dedication to the Honorable Thurgood Marshall, 2 Seton Hall Const. L. J. 539 (1992).

__________, Tribute to Justice Thurgood Marshall, 44 Stan. L. Rev. 1229 (1992).

Redlich, Norman, Thurgood Marshall: A Remembrance, 1983 Ann. Surv. Am. L. xiv (1984).

Rehnquist, William H., Tribute to Justice Thurgood Marshall, 44 Stan. L. Rev . 1213 (1992).

Rhode, Deborah L., Letting the Law Catch Up, 44 Stan. L. Rev 1259 (1992).

Ripple, Kenneth F., Thurgood Marshall and the Forgotten Legacy of Brown v. Board of Education, 55 Notre Dame L. Rev. 471 (1980).

Robinson, Spottswood W., III, Justice Marshall-A Tribute, 4 T. Marshall L. Rev . 177 (1977).

__________, Thurgood Marshall-The Lawyer, 13 Harv. C.R.-C.L. L. Rev. 234 (1978).

Rodriguez, Rene, Comment, Thurgood Marshall's Role During the White Primary Era, 4 T. Marshall L. Rev. 261 (1977).

Rowan, Carl, Justice Marshall: Candor on Court, Meese, Life. Times , Dec. 14, 1987, at 8.

Sandler, Paul, Thurgood Marshall: Advocate On the Bench, Res Ipsa Loquitur , Fall 1967, at 16.

Snow, Charlotte, Thurgood Marshall: A Better Angel, 19 Hum. Rts. 26 (Summer 1992).

Stone, Geoffrey R., Marshall: He's the Frustrated Conscience of the High Court, Nat'l L. J., Feb. 18, 1980, at 24.

Strasser, Fred, Recalling a Champion of Rights, Nat'l L. J., July 8, 1991, at 30.

Sullivan, Kathleen M., The Candor of Justice Marshall, 6 Harv. Blackletter J. 83 (1989).

Sunstein, Cass R., On Marshall's Conception of Equality, 44 Stan. L. Rev. 1267 (1992).

Taylor, Stuart, Jr., Glimpses of the Least Pretentious of Men, Legal Times, Feb. 8, 1993, at 35.

Tushnet, Mark, Epitaph For An Uncommon Man, H, Feb. 1, 1993, at 29.

__________, Lawyer Thurgood Marshall, 44 H 1277 (1992).

__________, Mr. Justice Marshall: A Tribute, 6 Black L. J. 142 (1978).

__________, The Principled Dissenter, A.B.A. J., June 15, 1986, at 29.

__________, Thurgood Marshall and the Brethren, 80 Geo. L. J. 2109 (1992).

__________, Thurgood Marshall and the Rule of Law, 35 How. L. J. 7 (Fall 1991).

__________, Thurgood Marshall as Lawyer: The Campaign Against School Desegregation, 1945-1950, 40 Md. L. Rev. 411 (1981).

__________, Thurgood Marshall: The Inner-Directed Personality, 26 Val. U. L. Rev . xxxi (1991).

Wallach, Aleta, Musings On Motherhood, Marshall, Molecules: A Passage Through the Heart of Maternal Darkness From God's Creation to Man's, 6 Black L. J. 88 (1978).

Weinberg, Jonathan, Thurgood Marshall and the Administrative State, 38 Wayne L. Rev. 115 (1991).

West, D.A., A Tribute to Thurgood Marshall (President's Page), 44 Stan. L. Rev . 1209 (1992).

White, Byron R., A Tribute to Justice Thurgood Marshall, 44 Stan. L. Rev. 1215 (1992).

White, Edward L., III, Another Look at Our Founding Fathers and Their Product: A Response to Justice Thurgood Marshall, 4 Dame L. J. Ethics & Pub. Pol'y 73 (Spring 1989).

Wilder, Lawrence Douglas, The Marshall Legacy: Tributes as Post Mortem? Not Yet!, 35 How. L J. 69 (Fall 1991).

Wilkins, David B., Justice as Narrative: Some Personal Reflections on A Master Storyteller, 6 Harv. Blackletter J. 68 (1989).

Williams, Karen Hastie, Humanizing the Legal Process: The Legacy of Thurgood Marshall, 6 Harv. Blackletter J. 90 (1989).

Wilson, Margaret Bush and Diane Ridley, A New Birth of Liberty; The Role of Thurgood Marshall's Civil Rights Contribution, 6 Black L. J. 67 (1978).

Winn, Karen A., Justice Marshall and Equal Protection Review: A Spectrum of Standards?, 64 Wash. U. L. Q. 1251 (1986).

Winter, Ralph K., Remarks [in Tribute to Thurgood Marshall from the Second Circuit], 141 F.RD. 573 (1992).

__________, TM's Legacy, 101 Yale L. J. 25 (1991).


IX. Non-Legal Periodical Articles

Allen, Oliver, Chief Counsel for Equality, Life, June 13, 1955, at 141.

Baer, Donald, Embracing a Great Man's Gift to America, U.S. News & World Report , July 8, 1991, at 4.

Bar Exam, Newsweek, Sept. 11, 1967, at 22.

‘The Best I Could with What I Had’. The Legacy of Thurgood Marshall, Ebony, Sept. 1991, at 109.

Carter, Stephen L., An Old Soldier of Liberalism Musters Out, Wall St. J., July 1, 1991 at _____.

Cohen, Richard, The Constitution Through Marshall's Eyes, Wash. Post, May 12, 1987, at A19.

Disqualified, Time, Apr. 5, 1968, at 81.

Ebony Interview with Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall..., Ebony, November 1990, at 216.

Etlin, Melissa, Thurgood Marshall: A Titan in Education Reform, NEA Today, Oct. 1991, at 6.

First Negro Justice, Time, Sept. 8, 1967, at 16.

From Robe to Swallowtail, Time, July 23, 1965, at 18.

Gibbs, Nancy, Filling a Legal Giant's Shoes, Time, July 8, 1991, at 22.

A Good Court Gets Better, Christian Century, June 28, 1967, at 827.

Goodman, Ernest E., Portrait of a Man of Law: Judge Thurgood Marshall, Negro Digest , May 1963, at 3.

Greenhouse, Linda, Marshall Says Court's Ruling Imperil Rights, N.Y. Times, Sept. 9, 1989, §1, at 6.

Hazelton, Paul, Choice and the School: Taking What Justice Marshall Called ‘A Giant Step Backward’, Commonwealth, Oct. 4, 1974, at 11.

Hentoff, Nat, Thurgood Marshall and the Chief, The Village Voice, Mar. 9, 1993, at 22.

The Image of Justice, Nat'l Rev., July 29, 1991, at 13.

Jones, Lisa C., ‘The Best I Could With What I Had’. The Legacy of Thurgood Marshall, 1908-1993, Ebony, March 1993, at 126.

Justice Marshall's Achievements, Wall St. J., June 28, 1991, at A12.

Kennedy, Randall, Fanfare for an Uncommon Man, Time, Feb. 8, 1993, at 32.

__________, Grand Marshall (editorial), Nation, Aug. 12, 1991, at 181.

__________, Thurgood's Legacy: Equal Justice For All, Emerge, Oct. 1991, at 32.

Kite Flying and Other Games, Time, July 28, 1967, at 16.

Layco, Richard, A Lawyer Who Changed America: As A Supreme Court Justice and a Civil Rights Advocate Who Battled Racism Daily, Thurgood Marshall Took the Law Personally, Time, July 8, 1992, at 24.

Lord, Lewis, A Farewell to “Mr. Civil Rights”, U.S. News & World Rep., Feb. 8, 1993, at 10.

Man in the Middle, Newsweek, Sept. 3, 1962, at 15.

Mann, Jim, Jurist Was On Front Lines In Anti-Segregation Fight, L.A. Times, June 28, 1991, at Al.

Marble, Manning, Thurgood Marshall: The Continuing Struggle for Equality, Black Collegian, Jan./Feb. 1990, at 72.

Marcus, Ruth, Plain-Spoken Marshall Spars with Reporters, Wash. Post, June 29, 1991, at Al.

Mathews, Tom, A Great Original's Lives at the Law: Thurgood Marshall Made As Much History in Front of the Supreme Court As He Did Serving on It, Newsweek, July 8, 1991, at 24.

May It Please the Court, Time, Dec. 21, 1953, at 19.

McBee, Susanna, Negro Lawyer Thurgood Marshall Becomes Advocate for U.S., Life, Nov. 12, 1965, at 57.

McCoy, Frank, Justice Thurgood Marshall Lays Down His Gavel, Black Enterprise , Sept. 1991, at 13.

Mr. Justice Marshall, Newsweek, June 26, 1967, at 34.

Motley, Constance Baker, Thurgood Marshall: A Personal Tribute, Ms. Magazine, Sept.-Oct., 1991, at 88.

Justice, Time, June 23, 1967, at 18.

Olivas, Michael A., Mr. Justice Marshall, Dissenting, Chron. Higher Educ., July 17, 1991, at B1.

Pierce, Ponchitta, The Solicitor General, Ebony, Nov. 1965, at 26.

Poling, James, Thurgood Marshall and the 14th Amendment, Colliers, Feb. 23, 1952, at 29.

Portrait of a Leader: Thurgood Marshall Biographical Sketch, Negro Hist. Bull. , Nov. 1955, at 26.

The Power of One; With the Law as His Weapon, Thurgood Marshall Was Determined to Change the World-And He Did, People, Feb. 8, 1993, at 40.

Reid, Herbert O., Sr., and Kenneth S. Tollett, Did No One Hear Thurgood Marshall?, Wash. Post, July 21, 1986, at A15.

Rogers, Warren, The Man in the Fish Fry Parlor, Look, Oct. 17, 1967, at 115.

Rowan, Carl, The Justice and the President, Wash. Post, Sept. 11, 1987, at A23.

__________, The Last Good Man: The Legacy of Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall, Playboy, Feb. 1993, at 44.

Roy, Jessie H., Pinpoint Portrait of Attorney Thurgood Marshall, Negro Hist. Bull. , Oct. 1961, at 20.

__________, Thurgood Marshall: The Solicitor General of the United States, Negro Hist. Bull., Jan. 1966, at 85.

Schneider, Karen S., A Warrior Retires; The Son of a Black Steward in An All-White Club Rewrote the Rules About Race, People, July 15, 1991,-at 34.

Segregation at the Bar, Commonwealth, Dec. 25, 1953, at 296.

Sunstein, Cass R., Marshall's Vision-and End of Court-led Reform, Wash. Post, June 30, 1991, at C1.

Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall, Negro Hist. Bull., Oct. 1967, at 4.

Taylor, Stuart, Jr., Marshall Sounds Critical Note on Bicentennial, N.Y. Times, May 7, 1987, at 1.

The Tension of Change, Time, Sept. 19, 1955, at 23.

Thurgood Marshall, New Republic, June 24, 1967, at 9.

Thurgood Marshall: Mr. Justice, Crisis 563 (Dec. 1980).

Thurgood Marshall v. George Washington, Nat'l Rev., June 5, 1987, at 16.

Thurgood Marshall Uncle Sam's Lawyer, Crisis (Aug.-Sept. 1965).

Thurgood Marshall Honeymoon, Ebony, Apr. 1956, at 39.

Tushnet, Mark, Change and Continuity in the Concept of Civil Rights-Thurgood Marshall and Affirmative Action, 8 Soc. Phil. & Poly 150 (1991).

Watson, Denton L., Civil Rights Law: Concept to Reality, 86 Crisis 233 (1979).

Wilkins, Roger, Thurgood and Me, Mother Jones, Nov.-Dec. 1991, at 13.

Williams, Juan, The Many Masks of Thurgood Marshall, Wash. Post, Jan. 31, 1993, at C1.

__________, Marshall s Law, Wash. Post Mag., Jan. 7, 1990, at 29.

__________, Thurgood Marshall: A Lifelong Fighter for Civil Rights, L.A. Times, Jan. 4, 1990, at E1.

__________, The Thurgood Marshall Nobody Knows, Ebony, May 1990, at 68.

With Another ‘Liberal’ on High Court, U.S. News & World Report, Sept. 11, 1967, at 21.

With Mr. Marshall on the Supreme Court, U.S. News & World Report, June 26, 1967, at 12.

Zion, Sidney E., Thurgood Marshall Takes a New ‘Tush-Tush’ Job, N.Y. Times Mag. , Aug. 22, 1965, at 1l.


X. Correspondence and Personal Papers

Justice Marshall's correspondence and papers can be found in the following collections. Dillard University Amistad Research Center
Frank Smith Horne Papers.

Library of Congress Manuscript Division
Arthur Barnett Spingarn Papers, 1911-64.

NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund Records, 1945-70.

National Association For the Advancement of Colored People, Records, 1909-69.

Thurgood Marshall Papers, 1949-91.

Yale University Library
Walter Francis White Papers.


XI. Nomination Hearings and Reports

Nomination of Thurgood Marshall: Hearings Before the Subcommittee of the Senate Judiciary Committee on the Nomination of Thurgood Marshall, of New York, to United States Circuit Judge for the Second Circuit, 87th Cong., 2d Sess., May 1, July 12, August 8, 17, 20, 24, 1962.

Nomination of Thurgood Marshall to be Solicitor General of the United States: Hearings Before the Subcommittee of the Senate Judiciary Committee, 89th Cong., 1st Sess., July 29, 1965.

Nomination of Thurgood Marshall: Hearings Before the Senate Judiciary Committee on the Nomination of Thurgood Marshall, of New York, to be an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, 90th Cong., 1st Sess., July 13-24, 1967.

Nomination of Thurgood Marshall: Senate Executive Report, together with minority uiews from the Committee on Judiciary to accompany nomination to Thurgood Marshall, August 21, 1967.

The Supreme Court of the United States: Hearings and Reports on Successful and Unsuccessful Nominations of Supreme Court Justices by the Senate Judiciary Committee, 1916-1972. Buffalo, NY: Hein, 1975.


XII. Mediagraphy

The Color of Justice. [film] New York: Sterling Educational Films, 1970. 16mm film, 26 min. Color.

Equal Under the Law: The Story of Thurgood Marshall [filmstrip] Black Americans in Government Series. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1970. 114 fr.: col., b&w, 35mm and cassette (2 track, mono.) 20 min.

Impact of the Courts II: School Desegregation [videorecording] Academic Industries, Inc., 1989 videocassette (VHS) (30 min.): sd, col.; 1/2 in.

Justice Thurgood Marshall: Mr. Civil Rights. [filmstrip] American Negro Pathfinders Series. Santa Monica, Ca.: Vignette Films/BFA Educational Media, 1969. 35mm filmstrip, 45 frames, Color.

Marshall, Thurgood, Racial Equality, Criminal Proceedings and the Courts. [sound recording] Santa Barbara, Ca.: Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions, 1972. 1 cassette, 28 min.

__________, Separate But Equal? [sound recording] North Hollywood, Ca.: Center for Cassette Studies, 1971, 1 cassette, 2-track mono.

Simple Justice [videorecording] Alexandria, VA.: PBS Video, 1993. Videocassette (133 min.): sd., col.; 1/2 in.

Story of Thurgood Marshall. [sound recording] Famous Negro Leaders Series. Mahwah, N.J.: Troll Associates, [197-?]. 1 ips audiotape cassette.

Speech [by Thurgood Marshall], Convocation During the 10th Anniversary of Fund for the Republic. [sound recording] Broadcast on CSDI, December, 1962.1 sound tape reel 7:5 ips, mono 7 in., 1/4 in tape.

Thurgood Marshall, [filmstrip] Image Makers Series Chicago: Eye Gate House, 1969. 35mm filmstrip with 33 rpm, 12” record, 52 frames, Color.

Thurgood Marshall, [sound recording] Black Heritage Series. Kankakee, Ill.: Imperial Productions, n.d. 1 ips audiotape cassette, 20 min.

Thurgood Marshall, [sound recording] Baltimore, Md.: Simplified Texts, 1970.1 ips audiotape cassette, 10 min.

Thurgood Marshall Introduces Fellow Supreme Court Justice, Abe Fortas. [sound recording] 1 sound tape reel (15 min.), 7½ ips mono, 7 in., 1/4 in. tape.

Thurgood Marshall, Lawyer and Justice: A Faculty Panel Discussion [videorecording] Cleveland, OH: Case Western Reserve University, School of Law, 1993. Videocassette (60 min.): sd., col., 1/2 in.

Thurgood Marshall: Supreme Court Justice [videorecording] Black Americans of Achievement Series. Bala Cynwyd, PA: Schlessinger Video Production, 1992. Videocassette (ca. 30 min.): sd., col. and b&w; 1/2 in.

Thurgood Marshall: Portrait of An American Hero. [video-recording] Washington, D.C.: Columbia Video Productions: WETA, 1985. 1 videocassette (VHS) (28 min.): sd., col. with b&w sequences; 1/2 in.

Thurgood Marshall Talks About the Death Penalty, the Power of the Press... (with Carl Rowan). [sound recording] Broadcast on PBS, Sept. 16, 1988. 1 sound tape reel (10 min.), 3¾ ips, mono., 7 in., 1/4 in. tape.

A Tribute to Justice Thurgood Marshall [videorecording] West Layfette, IN.: Purdue University videocassette (VHS) (87 min.): sd., col.; 1/2 in.

Tushnet, Mark V., Thurgood Marshall: From the NAACP to the Supreme Court. [videorecording] The D. Bruce Mansfield Lecture Series. Recorded on Feb. 1, 1989 at the University of Akron. 1 videocassette (33 min.): sd., col., 1/2 in.



XIII. Cases

Blandford, Linda A., Supreme Court of the United States, 1789-1980. An Index to Opinions Arranged by Justice. Millwood, NY: Kraus, 1983. To update the opinions listed in the above title the following online search queries are suggested:










WRITTEN BY (MARSHALL) [This query will retrieve all of the above.]







“Thurgood Marshall's Arguments Before the United States Supreme Court in Brown vs. the Board of Education”, in Classics of the Courtroom, Vol. XX (). To locate cases where Thurgood Marshall was the attorney use the appropriate library, file or database and the following search query:






XIV. Bibliographies and Other Reference Materials

Blaustein, Albert P. and Roy M. Mersky, The First One Hundred Justices: Statistical Studies on the Supreme Court of the United States. Hamden, CT: Archon Books, 1978.

Bloxom, Marguerite, comp., Justice Thurgood Marshall: A Short List of References. 52 Libr. of Congress Info. Bull. 105 (Mar. 8, 1993).

Hill, George H. and Raymond Trent, Justice Thurgood Marshall: A Bibliography from the Popular Press. 42 Bull. of Bibliography105-111 (1985).

Hodges, Ruth A., Justice Thurgood Marshall: A Selected Bibliography. Washington, D.C.: Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University, (Feb. 1993).

Martin, Fenton S. and Robert U. Goehlert, The U.S. Supreme Court: A Bibliography. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly, 1990. “Thurgood Marshall”: 446-448.

A Reference Guide to the United States Supreme Court. New York: Facts on File Publications, 1986.

Stewart, Alva W., U.S. Supreme Court Appoints: 1961-1986; A Brief Bibliography. Monticello, Ill.: Vance Publications, 1987.

Reference Librarian, Rains Law Library, Loyola Law School, Los Angeles, Ca. B.A. University of Texas at Austin, M.S.L.S. Memphis State University, J.D. University of Tennessee at Knoxville; Passed away on April 23, 2015